FoodAdditives.htm

ANIMAL-DERIVED FOOD ADDITIVES LIST
(Page last updated in February 2006)Let’s face it, unless you’re a food technologist or you’ve got a major in chemistry, ‘L-Cysteine Hydrochloride’ or ‘Stearoyl Lactylate’ are not going to mean much to you. So what do you do if you’re a vegetarian and you wish to avoid food additives that are derived from animal products? You refer to tables like the ones on this page, that’s what!Additives on product labels are listed as a number (e.g. emulsifier (471)) or by the name. For ease of reference, that’s why we’ve listed the additives by both name and by number. Also, many additives may be derived from plants/minerals/(the lab!) or from animals, so we’ve separated additives into those that ARE derived from animals, and those that MAY BE derived from animals. In the case of the latter, you will need to check with the manufacturer of the product to be sure about its suitability for vegetarians and vegans.Please note:
The information provided on this page is accurate and correct to the best of our knowledge. No responsibility or liability will be taken for information that is subsequently found to be incorrect.As manufacturers can vary the source of the ingredients in their products from time to time, if you wish to ensure that a product is definitely suitable for vegetarians or vegans, you will need to contact them directly for confirmation.Animal-Derived Food Additives ListIndex to this page:
   – Food Additives Derived from Animal Products (listed by number)
   – Food Additives THAT MAY BE Derived from Animal Products (listed by number)
   – Food Additives Derived from Animal Products (listed by name)
   – Food Additives THAT MAY BE Derived from Animal Products (listed by name)As at March 2002, any food additives not on the lists below are, to the best of our knowledge, always suitable for vegetarians and vegans.
 
          FOOD ADDITIVES DERIVED FROM ANIMAL PRODUCTS
         (listed by number)
CODEADDITIVEDESCRIPTION
120CochinealA natural red colour derived from the bodies of pregnant scale insects.
441GelatineA thickening, stabilising emulsifying agent made by boiling animal (usually cattle or pigs) skin, ligaments, bones, sinews or other tissue.
469Sodium CaseinateAn emulsifier, stabiliser & binder, derived from cow’s milk.
542Bone PhosphateAn anti-caking agent made from the degreased steam-extract from animal bones.
901Beeswax (white & yellow)A glazing and polishing agent made from bee honeycomb.
904ShellacGlazing agent obtained from the resin produced by the lac insect.
   FOOD ADDITIVES THAT MAY BE DERIVED FROM ANIMAL PRODUCTS
    (listed by number)
CODEADDITIVECOMMENTS
153Carbon Black                      
160aAlpha-, Beta-, Gamma- CaroteneMay be held in gelatine matrix.
161gCanthaxanthin                           
252Potassium Nitrate                          
270Lactic AcidLactic acid is bitter-tasting acid that forms when certain bacteria combine with lactose (milk or sugar). It is used to impart a tart flavour, as well as in the preservation of some foods. It occurs naturally in the souring of milk and can be found in foods such as cheese (used in coagulation) and yogurt. It’s also used in the production of acid-fermented foods such as pickles and sauerkraut.
322LecithinAn emulsifier (which allows water & oils to mix); is mostly derived from soy beans, seeds, peanuts and maize. Although it may be derived from eggs, in this form it is declared as ‘egg yolk’ and not as ‘322’.
325Sodium LactateA derivative of lactic acid.
326Potassium LactateA derivative of lactic acid.
327Calcium LactateA derivative of lactic acid.
328Ammonium LactateA derivative of lactic acid.
329Magnesium LactateA derivative of lactic acid.
422Glycerol/GlycerinMay be produced from animal fats, synthesised from propylene or from fermentation of sugars.
430Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate                              
431Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate                                 
432Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate or Polysorbate 20                                    
433Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Mono-Oleate or Polysorbate 80                                  
434Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate                                   
435Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monostearate or Polysorbate 60                                     
436Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Tristearate or Polysorbate 65                                     
442Ammonium Phosphatides                                     
470aSodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids                                      
470bMagnesium Stearate                                         
471Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids                                         
472aAcetic & Fatty Esters of Glycerol                                    
472bLactic & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol                                     
472cCitric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol                                 
472dTartaric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol                                    
472eDi-Acetyl Tartaric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol                                    
472fMixed Acetic and Tartaric Acid Esters of Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids                                  
473Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids                                  
474Sucroglycerides                                   
475Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids                                   
476Polyglycerol Esters of Interesterified Ricinoleic Acid                                    
477Propylene Glycol Mono- and Di-Esters                                   
478Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol and Propane-1,2 Diol                                   
479bThermally Oxidised Soya Bean Oil Interacted With Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids                                   
481Sodium Oleyl or Stearoyl Lactylate                                    
482Calcium Oleyl or Stearoyl Lactylate                                          
483Stearyl Tartrate                                  
491Sorbitan Monostearate                                
492Sorbitan Tristearate                               
493Sorbitan Monolaurate                                  
494Sorbitan Mono-Oleate                                   
495Sorbitan Monopalmitate                                    
570Stearic Acid                                      
572Magnesium Stearate                                 
585Ferrous Lactate                                     
627Disodium 5′-GuanylateA flavour enhancer, isolated from sardines or yeast extract.
630Inosinic Acid                                     
631Disodium InosinateA flavour enhancer, often prepared from meat extract and dried sardines. It can also be a synthetic product made via a microbial synthesis process that begins with a vegetable source.
635Sodium 5′-RibonucleotidesFlavour enhancer.
640Glycine and its Sodium Salt                                  
910L-CysteineA flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
920L-Cysteine MonohydrochlorideL-Cysteine is a flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
921L-Cysteine Hydrochloride MonohydrateL-Cysteine is a flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
966Lactitol                                  
1518Glycerol Mono-, Di- and Tri-Acetate or Tracetin                              
                 FOOD ADDITIVES DERIVED FROM ANIMAL PRODUCTS
                 (listed by name)
ADDITIVECODEDESCRIPTION
Beeswax (white & yellow)901A glazing and polishing agent made from bee honeycomb.
Bone Phosphate542An anti-caking agent made from the degreased steam-extract from animal bones.
Cochineal120A natural red colour derived from the bodies of pregnant scale insects.
Gelatine441A thickening, stabilising emulsifying agent made by boiling animal (usually cattle or pigs) skin, ligaments, bones, sinews or other tissue.
Shellac904Glazing agent obtained from the lac insect.
Sodium Caseinate469An emulsifier, stabiliser & binder, derived from cow’s milk.
                FOOD ADDITIVES THAT MAY BE DERIVED FROM ANIMAL
      PRODUCTS
      (listed by name)
ADDITIVECODECOMMENTS
Acetic & Fatty Esters of Glycerol472a                                         
Alpha-Carotene160aMay be held in gelatine matrix.
Ammonium Lactate328A derivative of lactic acid.
Ammonium Phosphatides442                                 
Beta-Carotene160aMay be held in gelatine matrix.
Calcium Oleyl482                                    
Calcium Lactate327A derivative of lactic acid.
Canthaxanthin161g                                                 
Carbon Black153                                       
Citric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol472c                                  
Di-Acetyl Tartaric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol472e                                  
Disodium 5′-Guanylate627A flavour enhancer, isolated from sardines or yeast extract. 
Disodium Inosinate631A flavour enhancer, often prepared from meat extract and dried sardines. It can also be a synthetic product made via a microbial synthesis process that begins with a vegetable source.
Ferrous Lactate585                                  
Gamma-Carotene160aMay be held in gelatine matrix.
Glycerol/Glycerin422May be produced from animal fats, synthesised from propylene or from fermentation of sugars.
Glycerol Di-Acetate1518                                   
Glycerol Mono-Acetate1518                              
Glycerol Tri-Acetate1518                                 
Glycine and its Sodium Salt640                               
Inosinic Acid630                               
Lactitol966                             
Lactic Acid270Lactic acid is bitter-tasting acid that forms when certain bacteria combine with lactose (milk or sugar). It is used to impart a tart flavour, as well as in the preservation of some foods. It occurs naturally in the souring of milk and can be found in foods such as cheese (used in coagulation) and yogurt. It’s also used in the production of acid-fermented foods such as pickles and sauerkraut.
Lactic & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol472b                                    
Lactylated Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol478                               
L-Cysteine910A flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
L-Cysteine Monohydrochloride920L-Cysteine is a flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
L-Cysteine Hydrochloride Monohydrate921L-Cysteine is a flour treatment agent that can be extracted from duck and chicken feathers.
Lecithin322An emulsifier (which allows water & oils to mix), is mostly derived from soy beans, seeds, peanuts and maize. Although it may be derived from eggs, in this form it is declared as ‘egg yolk’ and not as ‘322’.
Magnesium Lactate329A derivative of lactic acid.
Magnesium Stearate470b,572                                    
Mixed Acetic and Tartaric Acid Esters of Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids472f                                  
Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids471                                
Polyglycerol Esters of Fatty Acids475                               
Polyglycerol Esters of Interesterified Ricinoleic Acid476                                
Potassium Lactate326A derivative of lactic acid.
Potassium Nitrate252                                   
Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate432                              
Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Mono-Oleate433                                 
Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monopalmitate434                                
Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monostearate435                               
Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Tristearate436                            
Polyoxyethylene (8) Stearate430                                    
Polyoxyethylene (40) Stearate431                                
Polysorbate 20432                                     
Polysorbate 60435                                  
Polysorbate 65436                                 
Polysorbate 80433                                 
Propane-1,2 Diol478                               
Propylene Glycol Mono- and Di-Esters477                                  
Sodium 5′-Ribonucleotides635Flavour enhancer.
Sodium Lactate325                                 
Sodium Oleyl481A derivative of lactic acid.
Sodium, Potassium and Calcium Salts of Fatty Acids470a                                 
Sorbitan Monolaurate493                                
Sorbitan Mono-Oleate494                                
Sorbitan Monopalmitate495                                
Sorbitan Monostearate491                                
Sorbitan Tristearate492                                   
Stearoyl Lactylate481, 482A derivative of lactic acid.
Stearyl Tartrate483                                  
Sucroglycerides474                                    
Sucrose Esters of Fatty Acids473                                  
Stearic Acid570                                  
Tartaric & Fatty Acid Esters of Glycerol472d                                 
Thermally Oxidised Soya Bean Oil Interacted With Mono- and Di-Glycerides of Fatty Acids479b                                    
Tracetin1518                                  We recommend learning more by visiting a weight loss dietitian melbourne  

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